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Materialidades da Literatura II

Professores: Manuel Portela e Clara Keating (2014-2015, 2015-2016, 2016-2017, 2018-2019)

Conteúdos Programáticos
Este seminário analisa diversas materialidades da literatura, centrando-se na visualidade, bibliograficalidade, intermedialidade, cinetismo, hipertextualidade e digitalidade. É dada especial atenção à dinâmica relacional das formas materiais e à natureza corporizada e performativa dos atos de leitura.

1. Materialidades da Literatura: uma introdução
1.1. Onde estamos agora? Quem somos agora?
1.2. Pensar com e através dos objetos

2. Escrever e ler nos meios digitais
2.1. O que é a literatura no século XXI?
2.2. Auratura como literatura
2.3. Gramalepsia
2.4. Como lemos?
2.5. Máquinas de ler
2.6. Como escrevemos?
2.7. Máquinas de escrever

3. O livro e a interface
3.1. Campos textuais
3.2. Bibliograficalidade, graficalidade, autossemelhança
3.3. Página-plano (x, y) e códice-espaço (x, y, z)
3.4. Códigos bibliográficos, linguísticos e narrativos
3.5. O códice como espaço material e virtual
3.6. A interface gráfica do utilizador
3.7. Hipertexto e poética da interface

4. Circuitos, ficheiros, ecrãs: o que é a materialidade digital?
4.1. Derrida: iterabilidade da escrita
4.2. Hayles: linguagem, escrita, código
4.3. Kirschenbaum: forense vs. formal
4.4. Kittler: não há software
4.5. Manovich: só há software
4.6. Cayley e Jhave: poética dos dados
4.7. A linguagem como infraestrutura da rede

Objetivos do Seminário
a) Descrever a dinâmica gráfica e corporizada da textualidade através da análise de superfícies gráficas e estruturas bibliográficas;
b) Descrever as estratégias de significação de textos intermédia e cinéticos em diversos géneros de poesia e ficção experimental;
c) Compreender os textos permutativos e gerativos como formas de literatura algorítmica;
d) Compreender os processos de intermediação, quer nas interações impresso-digital, quer nas interações ser humano-computador;
e) Descrever a materialidade multicamada da escrita em meio digital, e compreender a retórica das formas literárias computacionais;
f) Conceber uma obra impressa e/ou digital e/ou performativa.

 


Materialities of Literature II

Seminar Description
1. Materialities of Literature: an introduction
1.1. Where are we now? Who are we now?
1.2. Thinking with and through objects

2. Reading and writing in digital media
2.1. What is literature in the 21st century?
2.2. Aurature as literature
2.3. Grammalepsy
2.4. How do we read?
2.5. Reading machines
2.6. How do we write?
2.7. Writing machines

3. The book and the interface
3.1. Textual fields
3.2. Bookness, graphicality, self-similarity
3.3. Page as plane (x, y) and codex as space (x, y, z)
3.4. Bibliographic, linguistic, and narrative codes
3.5. The codex as material and virtual space
3.6. Graphical user interface
3.7. Hypertext and interface poetics

4. Circuits, files, screens: what is digital materiality?
4.1. Derrida: iterability of writing
4.2. Hayles: language, writing, code
4.3. Kirschenbaum: forensic vs. formal
4.4. Kittler: there is no software
4.5. Manovich: there is only software
4.6. Cayley and Jhave: data poetics
4.7. Language as infrastructure of the network

Seminar Objectives
Students should be able to
a) Describe the graphic and embodied dynamics of textuality by looking at graphic surfaces and book structures;
b) Describe the signifying strategies of intermedia and kinetic texts in various genres of experimental poetry and fiction;
c) Understand permutational and generative texts as forms of algorithmic literature;
d) Understand processes of intermediation in both print-digital and human-computer interactions;
e) Describe the multilayered materiality of writing in digital media, and understand the rhetoric of computational literary forms;
f) Conceive a literary work for print and/or digital media and/or performance.


Bibliografia Principal | Main Bibliography
Cayley, John. 2018. Grammalepsy: Essays on Digital Language Art. London: Bloomsbury. MATLIT Book Review
Dobson, James E. 2019. Critical Digital Humanities: The Search for a Methodology. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Drucker, Johanna. 2020. Visualization and Interpretation: Humanistic Approaches to Display. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Marino, Mark C. 2020. Critical Code Studies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Pressman, Jessica. 2020. Bookishness: Loving Books in a Digital Age. New York: Columbia University Press.
Ramsay, Stephen 2011. Reading Machines: Toward an Algorithmic Criticism. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Rettberg, Scott. 2019. Electronic Literature. Cambridge: Polity Press. EBR Book Review
Simanoswki, Roberto. 2016. Digital Humanities and Digital Media. London: Open Humanities Press.
Tabbi, Joseph, ed. 2017. The Bloomsbury Handbook of Electronic Literature. London: Bloomsbury.
Tabbi, Joseph, ed. 2020. Post-Digital. London: Bloomsbury. 2 volumes.

Antologias de Literatura Eletrónica | Electronic Literature Collections
Boluk, Stephanie, Leonardo Flores, Jacob Garbe & Anastasia Salter, eds. (2016). Electronic Literature Collection (volume 3). Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Available online at http://collection.eliterature.org/3/
Borras, Laura, Talan Memmott, Rita Raley & Brian Kim Stefans, eds. (2010). Electronic Literature Collection (volume 2). College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland. Available online at http://collection.eliterature.org/2/
Hayles, N. Katherine, Nick Montfort, Scott Rettberg, and Stephanie Strickland, eds. (2006). Electronic Literature Collection (volume 1). College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland. Available online at http://collection.eliterature.org/1/

Exposições | Exhibitions
Language and the Interface [Coimbra, 2015] http://languageandtheinterface.uc.pt/
Shapeshifting Texts [Bremen, 2016] https://exhibitionshapeshiftingtexts.wordpress.com/shapeshiftingtexts/alphanumeric-surfaces/prosthesis//
(Un)continuity ELO 2020: Virtual Exhibition [Orlando, FL, 2020] https://projects.cah.ucf.edu/mediaartsexhibits/uncontinuity/

Outras leituras | Further references 
Baldwin, Sandy (2015). The Internet Unconscious: On the Subject of Electronic Literature. London: Bloomsbury. MATLIT Book Review
Drucker, Johanna (2014). Graphesis: Visual Forms of Knowledge Production. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. MATLIT Book Review
Emerson, Lori (2014). Reading Writing Interfaces: From the Digital to the Bookbound. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. MATLIT Book Review
Eskelinen, Markku (2012). Cybertext Poetics: The Critical Landscape of New Media Literary Theory. London: Continuum. DHQ Book Review
Funkhouser, C.T. (2007). Prehistoric Digital Poetry: An Archaeology of Forms, 1959-1995. Tuscaloosa, AL: The University of Alabama Press.
Funkhouser, C.T. (2012). New Directions in Digital Poetry. London: Continuum. DHQ Book Review
Hayles, N. Katherine (2008). Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press. DHQ Book Review
Hayles, N. Katherine (2012). How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Johnston, David Jhave (2016). Aesthetic Animism: Digital Poetry’s Ontological Implications. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. (2008). Mechanisms: New Media and the Forensic Imagination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. DHQ Book Review
Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. (2016). Track Changes: A Literary History of Word Processing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. EBR Book Review
Memmott, Talan (2011). Digital Rhetoric and Poetics: Signifying Strategies in Electronic Literature. Malmö: Malmö University. http://dspace.mah.se/handle/2043/12547
Portela, Manuel (2013). Scripting Reading Motions: The Codex and the Computer as Self-Reflexive Machines. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Rettberg, Scott and Sandy Baldwin, eds. (2014). ELMCIP: Electronic Literature as a Model of Creativity and Innovation in Practice. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press.
Ryan, Marie-Laure, Lori Emerson & Benjamin J. Robertson, eds. (2014). The Johns Hopkins Guide to Digital Media. Baltimore, MA: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Tabbi, Joseph (2012). ‘Graphic Sublime: On the Art and Designwriting of Kate Armstrong and Michael Tippett’. Digital Humanities Quarterly, 6.2 (2012): http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000139/000139.html
Torres, Rui and Sandy Baldwin, eds. (2014). PO.EX: Essays from Portugal on Cyberliterature and Intermedia. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press. MATLIT Book Review

© Manuel Portela, 2010-2021.



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