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Materialidades da Literatura II

Professores: Manuel Portela e Clara Keating

Conteúdos Programáticos
Este seminário analisa diversas materialidades da literatura, centrando-se na visualidade, bibliograficalidade, intermedialidade, cinetismo, hipertextualidade e digitalidade. É dada especial atenção à dinâmica relacional das formas materiais e à natureza corporizada e performativa dos atos de leitura.
1. Textos constelados e percursos aleatórios na poesia e na narrativa.
2. Literatura algorítmica e textos em movimento: do OuLiPo à literatura eletrónica.
3. Poética do cibertexto e gramatologia do computador: Hayles, Bootz, Wardrip-Fruin, Aarseth, Eskelinen, Kirschenbaum.
4. A natureza performativa da leitura: o sentido como fenómeno emergente.
5. Letras em ação: a natureza social e discursiva da escrita e da leitura.

Objetivos do Seminário
a) Descrever a dinâmica gráfica e corporizada da textualidade através da análise de superfícies gráficas e estruturas bibliográficas;
b) Descrever as estratégias de significação de textos intermédia e cinéticos em diversos géneros de poesia e ficção experimental;
c) Compreender os textos permutativos e gerativos como formas de literatura algorítmica;
d) Compreender os processos de intermediação, quer nas interações impresso-digital, quer nas interações ser humano-computador;
e) Descrever a materialidade eletrónica e gráfica da escrita em meio digital, e compreender a retórica das formas literárias computacionais;
f) Conceber uma obra impressa e/ou digital e/ou performativa.


Materialities of Literature II

Seminar Description
This seminar examines various materialities of literature, focusing on visuality, bookness, intermediality, kineticism, hypertextuality, and digitality. Particular attention is given to the relational dynamics of material forms and to the embodied and performative nature of reading acts.
1. Constellated texts and randomized paths in poetry and narrative.
2. Algorithmic literature and texts in motion: from OuLiPo to electronic literature.
3. Cybertext poetics and the grammatology of the computer: Hayles, Bootz, Wardrip-Fruin, Aarseth, Eskelinen, and Kirschenbaum.
4. The performative nature of reading: meaning as an emergent phenomenon.
5. Literacy in action: the social and discursive nature of writing and reading.

Seminar Objectives
a) Describe the graphic and embodied dynamics of textuality by looking at graphic surfaces and book structures;
b) Describe the signifying strategies of intermedia and kinetic texts in various genres of experimental poetry and fiction;
c) Understand permutational and generative texts as forms of algorithmic literature;
d) Understand processes of intermediation in both print-digital and human-computer interactions;
e) Describe the electronic and graphic materiality of writing in digital media, and understand the rhetoric of computational literary forms;
f) Conceive a literary work for print and/or digital media and/or performance.


Bibliografia Principal | Main Bibliography
Bootz, Philippe & Sandy Baldwin, eds. (2010). Regards Croisés: Perspectives on Digital Literature. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press.
Borras, Laura, Talan Memmott, Rita Raley & Brian Kim Stefans, eds. (2010). Electronic Literature Collection (volume 2). College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland. Available online at http://collection.eliterature.org/2/
Brandt, Deborah and Katie Clinton (2002). “Limits of the Local: Expanding Perspectives on Literacy as a Social Practice”, Journal of Literacy Research, 34.3: 337-356.
Drucker, Johanna (2014). Graphesis: Visual Forms of Knowledge Production. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Emerson, Lori (2014). Reading Writing Interfaces: From the Digital to the Bookbound. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Eskelinen, Markku (2012). Cybertext Poetics: The Critical Landscape of New Media Literary Theory. London: Continuum.
Funkhouser, C.T. (2012). New Directions in Digital Poetry. London: Continuum.
Hayles, N. Katherine (2008). Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame.
Hayles, N. Katherine, Nick Montfort, Scott Rettberg, and Stephanie Strickland, eds. (2006). Electronic Literature Collection (volume 1). College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland. Available online at http://collection.eliterature.org/1/
Johnston, David (Jhave) (2011). Aesthetic Animism: Digital Poetry as Ontological Probe. Montréal: Concordia University. http://spectrum.library.concordia.ca/36284/
Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. (2008). Mechanisms: New Media and the Forensic Imagination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. (2015). Track Changes: A Literary History of Word Processing. Harvard University Press [forthcoming].
Memmott, Talan (2011). Digital Rhetoric and Poetics: Signifying Strategies in Electronic Literature, Malmö: Malmö University. http://dspace.mah.se/handle/2043/12547
Portela, Manuel (2013). Scripting Reading Motions: The Codex and the Computer as Self-Reflexive Machines. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Rettberg, Scott and Sandy Baldwin, eds. (2014). ELMCIP: Electronic Literature as a Model of Creativity and Innovation in Practice. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press.
Tabbi, Joseph (2012). ‘Graphic Sublime: On the Art and Designwriting of Kate Armstrong and Michael Tippett’, Digital Humanities Quarterly, 6.2 (2012): http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/6/2/000139/000139.html
Torres, Rui and Sandy Baldwin, eds. (2014). PO.EX: Essays from Portugal on Cyberliterature and Intermedia. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Press.

© Manuel Portela, 2010-2014.



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